On the territory of Karabakh are historical and cultural monuments dating back to the
Khojaly-Gadabay Culture of the 2nd millennium BC. This area belonged to the
Caucasian Albanian state from the 4th century BC to the beginning of the 8th century
AD, to the Sajid, Salari, and Ravvadi states, the Seljuk Empire and then the Eldeniz
(Atabeys) state in the 8th-12th centuries, to the Elkhanids (Hulakis), Garagoyunlu
and Aghgoyunlu states in the 13th-15th centuries, to the Safavid state in 1501-1736,
and to the Karabakh Khanate in 1748-1821.
Karabakh is one of the most ancient inhabited lands not only in Azerbaijan, but in
the world in general. One of the oldest human settlements was discovered in the
Azykh Cave located in this region; in 1968, the jawbone of the “Azykh man,” or
Azykhantrop, who is believed to have lived 350-400 thousand years ago, was found
here. It is even older than Gobustan’s petroglyphs!